Ujung Kulon National Park is a Real Wonder of the World Site in Banten province, Java, Indonesia. Covering 76,200 hectares, Ujung Kulong is located on a peninsula on the westernmost tip to the island of Java, as it protrudes into the Indian Ocean. The area today is a dense rainforest. Human habitation in the area was eliminated when the eruption of Krakatau in 1883 sent a tsunami which wiped away the coastal villages in the area. A layer of volcanic ash then covered the area, enabling the rich vegetation to grow.
Ujung Kulon National Park was established in 1980. It was the first national park in Indonesia. Then in 1991, it inscribed as a World Heritage Site during the 15th session of the World Heritage Committee which met in Carthage, Tunisia on 9 – 13 December of that year.
One of the importance of Ujung Kulon National Park stems from it being one of just two habitats left for the critically endangered Javan Rhinoceros. The is a population of just about 50 to 60 of the rhinoceros in the national park, with another 10 or even less in the Cat Tien National Park in Vietnam.
Other wildlife found at Ujung Kulon National Park includes the crab-eating macaque, the silvery gibbon, javan lutung, the mousedeer, and some 72 different species of reptiles and amphibians, along with 240 species of birds. The waters surrounding the land area of the national park teems with a coral reefs home to a large variety of tropical marine life.